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Istoria marcilor / Opel Insignia

Istoria modelului Opel Insignia (engleză)

   The Opel Insignia is a large family car engineered and produced by Opel, the German subsidiary of General Motors. Production of the Insignia began in 2008 as a replacement for the Opel Vectra. GM Europe launched the vehicle at the 2008 British International Motor Show in London as the Vauxhall Insignia, reflecting the Vauxhall brand that is unique to the United Kingdom. The vehicle is marketed as the Opel Insignia throughout continental Europe and Ireland. The vehicle is known as the Buick Regal in China and North America. In Chile, the vehicle will be marketed as the Chevrolet Vectra. The Insignia is the first production car to feature a dual-function frontal camera with traffic sign recognition. The Insignia was voted 2009 European Car of the Year.

 

   Design

   The Insignia offers 30 millimetres more knee room than the Vectra. Both body variants have identical 4,830 millimetres length and share the same wheelbase of 2,737 millimetres.

 

   Powertrains

   From launch, the Insignia offered a 1.6 litre Family 1 straight-four engine producing 85 kW (116 PS; 114 hp), a 1.8 litre version producing 103 kW (138 hp), a 2.0 litre Family II straight-four direct injection turbocharged petrol producing 162 kW (217 hp), a Holden-built 2.8 litre High Feature turbo petrol V6 engine producing 191 kW (256 hp), and three turbocharged 2.0 litre "CDTi" straight-four diesel engines, producing 81 kW (109 hp), 96 kW (129 hp) and 118 kW (158 hp). These CDTi diesels are derived from the Fiat/Opel JTD engine.

   The engine lineup was expanded in early-mid 2009 with a 1.6 litre turbo petrol producing 132 kW (177 hp) as well as a fourth variation to the 2.0 litre "CDTi" diesel, producing 140 kW (190 hp) in twin-turbo form. All nine engines meet Euro 5 emissions standards and all are offered with in front-wheel drive configuration; exceptions are the 2.8 petrol turbo and 2.0 litre twin-turbo diesel which are offered with Saab XWD all-wheel drive by default. With the 2.0 litre turbo, both propulsion forms are available. Six-speed manual or automatic transmissions are fitted throughout the range, although five-speed automatics are used on the 1.6 and 1.8 litre petrol engines as well as the base diesel.

   Also starting in 2009, a low-emissions 2.0 litre ecoFLEX diesel variant is scheduled to commence sales. Using altered aerodynamics and motor control, the model's carbon dioxide emission will be below 140 g/km, which corresponds to about 5.0 L/100 km. Power outputs is rated at 118 kW (158 hp), however this engine and transmission deletes the opportunity to specify "FlexRide" as an option in some markets. Later on in 2009, a high-performance version of the 2.8 litre V6 in turbo form will be fitted to the Opel Performance Center (OPC) and VXR variants delivering 239 kW (321 hp).

   From September 2010, the 2.0 CDTi Diesel variant is now available with Adaptive 4x4 (4-wheel drive). This is currently only found on the 2.0 and 2.8 litre Petrol Turbo variants, and is an a addition to the line-up.

 

   Engines

 

Petrol engine
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque 0-100 km/h Top speed
1.6 Ecotec l4 1,598 cc 85 kW (116 PS; 114 hp) @6,000 rpm 155 Nm @4,000 rpm 12.9/13.8 Salon/Sports Tourer 192 km/h
1.6 Turbo Ecotec l4 1,598 cc 132 kW (179 PS; 177 hp) @5,500 rpm 230 Nm  @2,200 rpm 8.9/9.2 225 km/h
1.8 Ecotec l4 1,796 cc 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp) @6,300 rpm 175 Nm  @3,800 rpm 11.4/12.2 207 km/h
2.0 Turbo Ecotec l4 1,998 cc 162 kW (220 PS; 217 hp) @5,300 rpm 350 Nm  @2,000 rpm 7.6-8.2 manual-automatic 242 km/h
2.8 Turbo Ecotec V6 2,792 cc 191 kW (260 PS; 256 hp) @5,500 rpm 350 Nm  @1,900 rpm 6.9-7.3 250 km/h
2.8 Turbo Ecotec V6 2,792 cc 240 kW (330 PS; 320 hp) @5,500 rpm 435 Nm
6.0-6.3 250 km/h

 

Diesel engine
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque 0-100 km/s Top speed
2.0 CDTI Ecotec l4 1,956 cc 81 kW (110 PS; 109 hp) @4,000 rpm 260 Nm @1,750 rpm 12.1/12.6 190 km/h
2.0 CDTI Ecotec l4 1,956 cc 96 kW (131 PS; 129 hp) @4,000 rpm 300 Nm @1,750 rpm 11.1-11.7 205 km/h
2.0 CDTI Ecotec l4 1,956 cc 118 kW (160 PS; 158 hp) @4,000 rpm 350 Nm  @1,750 rpm 9.5-10.1 218 km/h
2.0 CDTI ecoFLEX l4 1,956 cc 118 kW (160 PS; 158 hp)      
2.0 BiTurbo CDTI Ecotec l4 1,956 cc 140 kW (190 PS; 190 hp) @4,000 rpm 400 Nm  @2,000 rpm    

   OPC/VXR

   In early 2009, Opel revealed the Insignia OPC, a high-performance variant of the Insignia. Like the preceding Vectra OPC, it is powered by a 2.8 litre turbocharged V6. The updated engine makes 239 kW (321 hp) and 435 Nm. Of this 435, 400 Nm is available from 2,000 rpm. It will be paired with a six-speed manual transmission / six-speed automatic transmission and Saab's (Haldex) active all-wheel drive system. Also standard is an electronic limited slip differential for the rear wheels and Opel's FlexRide adaptive suspension, which has three settings the driver may choose. An OPC version of the Insignia Sports Tourer wagon has also been unveiled and is currently on sale.

 

   Vauxhall Insignia

   Vauxhall Insignia is the United Kingdom-market version of the car; it is the first Vauxhall car to receive their new logo design, dispensing with the characteristic "V" grille that has adorned Vauxhall models since 1994. Vauxhall versions are produced in Exclusiv, S, SE, SRi, Elite and VXR specification levels.

It has been a popular choice with British buyers, being the nation's ninth best selling car in 2009 - its first full year on sale, outselling its direct competitor the Ford Mondeo but just falling short of the sales achieved by the more upmarket BMW 3 Series.