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Istoria m─ârcii Ferrari

   Ferrari S.p.A. este un constructor italian de automobile supersport. Compania a foost înfiin╚Ťat─â în 1929 de Enzo Ferrari. De-a lungul timpului, compania a participat la multe curse auto, facându-se remarcat─â mai ales în Formula 1. În 1969, fondatorul companiei a vândut divizia de ma╚Öini sport c─âtre Fiat pentru a-i asigura sus╚Ťinerea financiar─â, dar a p─âstrat controlul diviziei motorsport pân─â la moartea sa, în 1988.

   Fondatorul Enzo Ferrari nu a inten╚Ťionat niciodat─â s─â produc─â ma╚Öini obi╚Önuite. În 1929 el fondeaz─â Scuderia Ferrari drept sponsor al ╚Öoferilor amatori, cu sediul principal în Modena. Ferrari a preg─âtit cu succes diferi╚Ťi ╚Öoferi ai echipei Alfa Romeo pân─â în 1938, an în care a fost angajat de cei de la Alfa Romeo ca director al departamentului de curse.
  
Ferrari a produs de fapt o ma╚Öin─â de curse, Tipo 815, în perioada din afara competi╚Ťiilor; care a ╚Öi fost prima produc╚Ťie a Ferari (1940, Mille Miglia).

   Primul automobil de ╚Öosea produs de Ferrari a fost 125 S, 1947. Acesta era dotat cu un motor V12 de 1,5 litri. Enzo construia ╚Öi vindea ma╚Öinilie cu entuziasm pentru a finan╚Ťa Scuderia.
Ma╚Öinile Ferrari, notate pentru stilul accentuat al caselor de design cum este Pininfarina, a fost pentru mult timp un accesoriu pentru cei boga╚Ťi ╚Öi tineri. Alte case de design, care de-a lungul timpului au lucrat cu Ferrari sunt Scaglietti, Bertone, Touring, Ghia, ╚Öi Vignale.
Clasice pentru modelele Ferrari sunt cele începând cu 166 pân─â la 250, de la 340 la Superamerica, 512 BB ╚Öi Mondial B.


   Conven╚Ťii de denumire (englez─â)

   Until the early 1980s, Ferrari followed a three-number naming scheme based on engine displacement:

  • V6 and V8 models used the total displacement (in decilitres) for the first two digits and the number of cylinders as the third. Thus, the 206 was a 2.0 L V6 powered vehicle, while the 348 used a 3.4 L V8, although, for the F355, the last digit refers to 5 valves per cylinder. Upon introduction of the 360 Modena, the digits for V8 models (which now carried a name as well as a number) refer only to total engine displacement. The numerical indication aspect of this name has carried on to the current V8 model, the F430. The F430's replacement, however, is the 458 Italia, which uses the same naming as the 206 and 348.
  • V12 models used the displacement (in cubic centimetres) of one cylinder. Therefore, the famed 365 Daytona had a 4390 cc V12. However, some newer V12-engined Ferraris, such as the 599, have three-number designations that refer only to total engine displacement.
  • Flat 12 (boxer) models used the displacement in litres. Therefore, the BB 512 was five litre flat 12 (a Berlinetta Boxer, in this case). However, the original Berlinetta Boxer was the 365 GT4 BB, which was named in a similar manner to the V12 models.
  • Halo Car F followed by the anniversary in years, such as the F40 and F50. The Enzo skipped this rule, but it will return in the upcoming F70.
  • Some models, such as the 1980 Mondial and the 1984 Testarossa did not follow a three-number naming scheme.
   612 Scaglietti Sessanta Edition

Most Ferraris were also given designations referring to their body style. In general, the following conventions were used:

  • M ("Modificata"), placed at the end of a model's number, denotes a modified version of its predecessor and not a complete evolution (see F512 M and 575 M Maranello).
  • GTB ("Gran Turismo Berlinetta") models are closed Berlinettas, or coupes.
  • GTS ("Gran Turismo Spyder") in older models, are open Spyders (spelt "y"), or convertibles (see 365 GTS/4); however, in more recent models, this suffix is used for targa top models (see Dino 246 GTS, and F355 GTS; the exception being the 348 TS, which is the only targa named differently). The convertible models now use the suffix "Spider" (spelt "i") (see F355 Spider, and 360 Spider).
  • GTO ("Gran Turismo Omologata"), placed at the end of a model's number, denotes a modified version of its predecessor. Indeed, those three letters designate a model which has been designed and improved for racetrack use while still being a street-legal model. Only three models bear those three letters; the 250 GTO of 1962, the 288 GTO of 1984 and the 599 GTO of 2010.

This naming system can be confusing, as some entirely different vehicles used the same engine type and body style. Many Ferraris also had other names affixed (like Daytona) to identify them further. Many such names are actually not official factory names. The Daytona name commemorates Ferrari's triple success in the February 1967 24 Hours of Daytona with the 330 P4. Only in the 1973 Daytona 24 Hours, a 365 GTB/4 model run by NART (who raced Ferrari's in America) ran second, behind a Porsche 911.

The various Dino models were named for Enzo's son, Dino Ferrari, and were marketed as Dinos by Ferrari and sold at Ferrari dealers—for all intents and purposes they are Ferraris.

In the mid 1990s, Ferrari added the letter "F" to the beginning of all models (a practice abandoned after the F512 M and F355, but adopted again with the F430).